- Conforms to the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) standard (FIPS PUB 197)
- Single module efficiently integrates multiple AES functions and modes
- Run-time programmable for:
- Encryption or Decryption
- Cipher Key length: 128- 192- or 256-bits
- Cipher Mode: ECB (Electronic Codebook), CBC (Cipher Block Chaining), CFB (Cipher Feedback), OFB (Output Feedback), and CTR (Counter)
- Two architectural versions available:
- Standard is more compact: 32-bit data path size. Processes each 128-bit data block in 44/52/60 clock cycles for 128/192/256-bit cipher keys, respectively
- Fast yields higher transmission rates: 128-bit data path. Processes each 128-bit block in 11/13/15 clock cycles for 128/192/256-bit cipher keys, respectively
- Optional Key Expander automatically generates and stores Round Keys for AES processing
- Optimized design for ASIC or FPGA implementations
- Verified against the AES FIPS 197 standard using:
- Known Answer Tests (KAT) of the NIST AES Algorithm Validation Suite (AESAVS),
- Block cipher modes tests of NIST document SP800-38A,
- Additional random test vectors
- Fully-stallable input and output interfaces, ideal for streaming applications, e.g. system software can:
- pause input processing to match slow transmission, or
- pause output processing to allow a slower application to catch up with decrypted data
- Deliverables include bit-accurate software model (BAM) for easy user-generation of tests
- Scan-ready design architecture
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AES Core Links
FIPS 197, Advanced Encryption Standard (AES): download PDF
AES test suite: The Advanced Encryption Standard Algorithm Validation Suite (AESAVS): download PDF
AES Encryption and CAST’s AES IP Cores (PDF)
Security IP Core AES-P Programmable AES Encryption/Decryption Core
This AES IP core implements hardware data encryption and decryption using Rijndael encoding in compliance with the FIPS-197 Advanced Encryption Standard (AES).
The versatile AES core can be run-time programmed to: perform either encryption or decryption; run in any of the common block-cipher modes (ECB, CBC, CFB, OFB, and CTR); and use a 128-bit, 192-bit or 256-bit cipher key.
Two architectural versions are available to suit system requirements. The Standard version (AES32-P) is more compact, using a 32-bit datapath and requiring 44/52/60 clock cycles for each data block (128/192/256-bit cipher key, respectively). The Fast version (AES128-P) achieves higher throughput, using a 128-bit datapath and requiring 11/13/15 clock cycles for each data block. The Fast version can achieve rates of 2.8 Gbps or more in FPGAs, and 5 Gbps or more in ASICs.
The core includes an internal round key table in which expanded AES encryption and decryption key values are stored. An optional Key Expander module can automatically generate the round keys and fill the table, or this can be handled externally by the user.
Fully-stallable input and output interfaces simplify AES integration for different applications. These enable system software to stop the input stream according to a specific data arrival rate, or to stop the output stream when the core is not able to receive data.
The core has been verified against the AES FIPS 197 standard using the NIST AES Algorithm Validation Suite (AESAVS), NIST document SP800-38A, and additional random test vectors. Deliverables include all these tests, plus a bit-accurate model (BAM) for generating additional test vectors. The AES-P core has been evaluated in a variety of technologies, and is available optimized for ASICs or FPGAs.
See representative implementation results (each in a new pop-up window):
The AES-P core is suitable for a variety of applications, including: secure networking routers; wireless communications; encrypted data storage; secure video surveillance systems; and electronic financial transactions.
The AES-P core as delivered is warranted against defects for ninety days from purchase. Thirty days of phone and email technical support are included, starting with the first interaction. Additional maintenance and support options are available.
The core has been verified through extensive synthesis, place and route and simulation runs. It has also been embedded in several products, and is proven in FPGA technologies.
This encryption technology is governed internationally by export regulations. Immediate export of the core is permitted to the following countries for uses not related to weapons of mass destruction:
Please contact CAST to discuss delivery to other destinations; approval is subject to the applicable export licenses being granted. The license can be generated from either the EU or the USA. Please note that licensees are responsible for complying with the applicable requirements for re-export of electronics containing strong encryption technology.
The core is available in ASIC (synthesizable HDL) and FPGA (netlist) forms, and includes everything required for successful implementation:
- HDL (VHDL or Verilog) RTL source code (ASICs) or post-synthesis EDIF netlist (FPGAs)
- Sophisticated self-checking Testbench (Verilog versions use Verilog 2001)
- Software (C++) Bit-Accurate Model for additional test vector generation
- Simulation scripts
- Synthesis script (ASICs) or place and route script (FPGAs)
- NIST KAT test vectors, SP800-38A test vectors, additional vectors for block cipher modes
- Comprehensive user documentation, including detailed specifications and a system integration guide